Hunter Focus -
Ingredients

Hunter Focus ensures that not only do you get MORE... you get the BEST. We pack our bottles with more capsules than our so-called competition offer up, and ensure that each 4-capsule daily serving delivers premium, natural ingredients

We're so confident as to the quality and efficacy of the Hunter Focus nootropic blend that we make it available for all to see. We encourage you to compare our pure and clean product against any rival nootropic.

You'll find no added "nasties" - just natural ingredients of unparalleled quality. And every capsule of Hunter Focus is manufactured in gold-standard facilities in the USA and UK. We are proud to conform to the FDA's Current Good Manufature Practice (cGMP) regulations, so you can enjoy peace of mind.

It means that Hunter Focus fully lives up to the promise of being a premium nootropic for premium men.

The nine ingredients in Hunter Focus combine to provide three key nootropic benefits:

Concentration Activation

Citiclone N-Acetyl-L-tyrosine L-Theanine

Memory Matrix

Lion's Mane Mushroom Maritime Pine Bark Bacopa

Mood Amplification

Phosphatidylserine Ashwagandha Passion Flower

Concentration Activation

Clinical-grade nutraceuticals to aid concentration in even the most stressful situations

Citiclone

Citicoline

Citicoline is a brain chemical that occurs naturally in the body. When ingested, citiclone splits into choline and cytidine. Your body then converts choline into actylcholine, which improves the signal strength between neurons [1]. This enhance memory, attention, learning and skills of recall [2].

The body also converts cytidine into uridine. By doing so, it repairs and protects your brain cells to help you stay at the top of your game [3]. And because citicoline isn't associated with the familiar 'crash-and-burn' of caffeine stimulants, you enjoy the sustained focus synonomous with Hunter around the clock

Evidence of nootropic benefit:

In one human research study, citicoline improved membrane formation by 26% and brain energy by 13.6% [4]. And because Hunter Focus doesn't scrimp, but instead delivers a significant dose of 250mg of citicoline, this could translate to marked increases in attention and fewer mistakes in tests.

The study concluded "Citicoline supplementation may therefore help to mitigate cognitive declines associated with aging by increasing energy reserves and utilization, as well as increasing the amount of essential phospholid membrane components needed to synthesize and maintain cell membranes."

References
  1. Taylor, P. and Brown, J.H. Synthesis, Storage and Release of Acetylcholine. Correspondence to Palmer Taylor and Joan Heller Brown, Department of Pharmacology, 0636, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093.
  2. Hasselmo, M.E. The Role of Acetylcholine in Learning and Memory. Curr Opin Neurobiol. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2009 Mar 24.
  3. Grieb, P. Neuroprotective Properties of Citicoline: Facts, Doubts and Unresolved Issues. CNS Drugs. 2014; 28(3): 185–193. Published online 2014 Feb 7.
  4. Silveri M.M. et al. Cognizin® Citicoline Increases Brain Energy (ATP) by 14% and Speeds up Formation of Brain Membranes by 26% in Healthy Adults. Soc. Neurosci, San Diego, CA
N-Acetyl-L-tyrosine

N-acetyl-L-tyrosine (NALT)

N-acetyl-L-tyrosine (NALT) is an easily-absorbed amino acid that your brain uses to produce key neurotransmitters: dopamine, epinephrine and norepinephrine [1]. As three of the most important neurotransmitters, they are the building blocks of mood, memory, focus and motivation [2].

Multitasking is an in-demand attribute in today’s work environment. Recent trials have demonstrated that L-tyrosine supplements can contribute to cognitive flexibility and swift comprehension [3] – vital skills in helping you reach your full potential.

Evidence of nootropic benefit:

In a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study, volunteers were supplemented with tyrosine or a placebo before undertaking a mental performance test at differing levels of stress.

The more mentally demanding / stressful the test, the more accurate the volunteers who had consumed tyrosine performed, compared to the placebo group. Researchers suggested: “Supplementation of Tyrosine… may promote cognitive enhancement in inexpensive, efficient and healthy ways” [4].

References
  1. Purves, D. et al. Neuroscience. 2nd edition.
  2. Shurtleff, D. et al. Tyrosine reverses a cold-induced working memory deficit in humans. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1994 Apr;47(4):935-41.
  3. Steenbergen, L et al. Tyrosine promotes cognitive flexibility: evidence from proactive vs. reactive control during task switching performance. Neuropsychologia. 2015 Mar;69:50-5.
  4. Lorenza S. Colzato, et al. Working Memory Reloaded: Tyrosine Repletes Updating in the N-Back Task. Front Behav Neurosci. 2013 Dec 16;7:200
L-Theanine

L-Theanine

L-theanine is an amino acid extracted from tea. And it is this amino acid which gives tea its relaxing, anti-stress properties. L-theanine helps you feel both calmer and more alert by raising the levels of GABA, serotonin and dopamine in your brain [1].

The naturally-derived amino acid also boosts brain alpha waves [2], which have the power to unlock your imagination. This makes L-theanine ideal for those times when you need to get ‘into the zone’ to find new and creative answers.

Evidence of nootropic benefit:

In a double-blind, placebo-controlled study, healthy adults were randomly allocated into a placebo or theanine condition (200mg) and were asked to perform a mental arithmetic task to induce a stress response.

Volunteers taking theanine reported lower anxiety levels than those taking the placebo. They also experienced a lower change in heart rate and salivary amylase – both objective measures of stress and anxiety [3].

References
  1. Higashiyama, A. et al. Effects of l-theanine on attention and reaction time response. Journal of Functional Foods. Volume 3, Issue 3, July 2011, Pages 171-178.
  2. Nobre, A.C. et al. L-theanine, a natural constituent in tea, and its effect on mental state. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2008;17 Suppl 1:167-8.
  3. Kimura, K et al. L-Theanine reduces psychological and physiological stress responses. Biol Psychol. 2007 Jan;74(1):39-45. Epub 2006 Aug 22

Memory Matrix

Natural memory-activating ingredients which work synergistically to aid recall and enhance memory

Lion's Mane Mushroom

Lion’s Mane Mushroom

Many experts agree that Phosphatidylserine (PS) is “one of the most effective and important nootropics we have available today” [1]. PS is an aminophospholipid and amino acid derivative, which helps renew and repair neurons [2]. As a result, your memory becomes sharper, and you feel happier and more alert [3].

PS works by boosting glucose metabolism (your brain’s fuel). It also promotes healthy levels of nerve growth factor (NGF) in the brain [4]. As one of the best-tested nootropic ingredients in the world, PS’s anti-stress effects are even shown to improve golf performance [5]. This makes it the perfect addition to Hunter Focus for sports’ fans.

Evidence of nootropic benefit:

A double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial compared the improvement in cognitive functioning of those who consumed Lion’s Mane Mushroom for 16 weeks, compared to those who took a placebo.

The study found: “At weeks 8, 12 and 16 of the trial, the [Lion’s Mane] group showed significantly increased scores on the cognitive function scale compared with the placebo group. The [Lion’s Mane] group’s scores increased with the duration of intake… The results obtained in this study suggest that [Lion’s Mane] is effective in improving mild cognitive impairment” [4]

References
  1. Lai PL, et al (2013). Neurotrophic properties of the Lion’s mane medicinal mushroom, Hericium erinaceus (Higher Basidiomycetes) from Malaysia. Int J Med Mushrooms, 15(6):539-54. doi: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v15.i6.30
  2. Phan CW, et al (2015). Therapeutic potential of culinary-medicinal mushrooms for the management of neurodegenerative diseases: diversity, metabolite, and mechanism. Crit Rev Biotechnol, 35(3):355-68. doi: 10.3109/07388551.2014.887649
  3. Nagano, M. et al. Reduction of depression and anxiety by 4 weeks Hericium erinaceus intake. Biomed Res. 2010 Aug;31(4):231-7.
  4. Mori, K. et al. Improving effects of the mushroom Yamabushitake (Hericium erinaceus) on mild cognitive impairment: a double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial. Phytother Res. 2009 Mar;23(3):367-72
Maritime Pine Bark

Maritime Pine Bark

Over the previous 50 years, over 350 studies have been undertaken to ascertain the beneficial effects of maritime pine bark. Time and time again, significant improvements have been seen in brain function, attention and cognitive abilities, achieved by increasing blood flow to send more glucose and oxygen around the brain [1].

The results of an eight-week study show maritime pine bark extract promotes sustained focus [2]. To ensure the best results, the pine bark extract in Hunter Focus is standardized with 95% proanthocyanidins - one of the most potent forms of pine bark available.

Evidence of nootropic benefit:

101 adults took 150 mg Pine Bark Extract (Pycnogenol) or placebo daily, for three months. Throughout the study, the subjects were tested for multiple aspects of cognitive performance, including focus, memory and psychomotor skills.

The study concluded that - with statistical evidence - the group taking an active dose of a concentrated form of pine bark extract enjoyed better results than the results experienced by those from the placebo group [3].

References
  1. Nishioka, K. et al. Pycnogenol, French maritime pine bark extract, augments endothelium-dependent vasodilation in humans. Hypertens Res. 2007 Sep;30(9):775-80.
  2. Belcaro, G. et al. Maritime Pine Bark improves cognitive function, attention, mental performance and specific professional skills in healthy professionals aged 35-55. Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences. Volume 58, No. 4, December 2014, Pages 239-248
  3. Ryan, J., Croft, K., Mori, T., Wesnes, K., Spong, J., Downey, L., … Stough, C. (2008). An examination of the effects of the antioxidant Pycnogenol on cognitive performance, serum lipid profile, endocrinological and oxidative stress biomarkers in an elderly population. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 22(5), 553–562
Bacopa

Bacopa

Bacopa is an aquatic plant. Traditional knowledge suggests that Bacopa monnieri enhances cognitive performance, and such claims have now been scientifically tested and verified. Bacopa contains bacosides A and B. These two active ingredients improve your body’s response to both chronic and acute stress [1].

The compounds also cross the blood-brain barrier to improve the strength of the signal between neurons. This leads to better mood balance, faster processing and slower brain aging [2]. As a result, bacopa helps you absorb more and learn faster. It can also aid better recall of names, dates and stats [3].

Evidence of nootropic benefit:

A pioneering 2008 study collated randomized controlled trials which administered bacopa extracts over long-term supplementation periods. The measured outcome was based upon validated cognitive tests.

The study concluded by suggesting that bacopa not only improves memory recall but may provide other potential benefits including swifter mental processing and enhanced learning speeds [4]. A further study also found that bacopa significantly improved memory acquisition and retention in healthy older adults [5].

References
  1. Sheikh, N. et al. Effect of Bacopa monniera on stress induced changes in plasma corticosterone and brain monoamines in rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2007 May 22;111(3):671-6. Epub 2007 Jan 30.
  2. Calabrese, C. et al. Effects of a Standardized Bacopa monnieri Extract on Cognitive Performance, Anxiety, and Depression in the Elderly: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial. J Altern Complement Med. 2008 Jul; 14(6): 707–713.
  3. Roodenrys, S. et al. Chronic effects of Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri) on human memory. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2002 Aug;27(2):279-81.
  4. Pase, M. et al. The Cognitive-Enhancing Effects of Bacopa monnieri: A Systematic Review of Randomized, Controlled Human Clinical Trials. J Altern Complement Med. 2012 Jul;18(7):647-52.
  5. Morgan, A. et al. Does Bacopa monnieri improve memory performance in older persons? Results of a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial. J Altern Complement Med. 2010 Jul;16(7):753-9.

Mood Amplification

Research-backed natural mood enhancers to bolster the effects of this next-generation nootropic.

Phosphatidylserine

Phosphatidylserine

Many experts agree that Phosphatidylserine (PS) is “one of the most effective and important nootropics we have available today” [1]. PS is an aminophospholipid and amino acid derivative, which helps renew and repair neurons [2]. As a result, your memory becomes sharper, and you feel happier and more alert [3].

PS works by boosting glucose metabolism (your brain’s fuel). It also promotes healthy levels of nerve growth factor (NGF) in the brain [4]. As one of the best-tested nootropic ingredients in the world, PS’s anti-stress effects are even shown to improve golf performance [5]. This makes it the perfect addition to Hunter Focus for sports’ fans.

Evidence of nootropic benefit:

A double-blind study published in Advances in Therapy demonstrated that PS supplementation improved daily functioning, mental health and self-reported general well-being in older patients [6].

And a 2014 study showed that PS normalized stress-related biomarkers (cortisol) in chronically stressed individuals [7].

References
  1. David Tomen/ Phosphatidylserine (PS) – Nootropics Expert. Nootropicsexpert.com. https://nootropicsexpert.com/phosphatidylserine-ps/
  2. Kim, H.Y. et al. Phosphatidylserine in the Brain: Metabolism and Function. Prog Lipid Res. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2015 Oct 1.
  3. Parker, A.G. et al. The effects of IQPLUS Focus on cognitive function, mood and endocrine response before and following acute exercise. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2011 Oct 21;8:16.
  4. Naftelberg, S. et al. Phosphatidylserine Ameliorates Neurodegenerative Symptoms and Enhances Axonal Transport in a Mouse Model of Familial Dysautonomia. Published: December 20, 2016.
  5. Jäger, R. et al. The effect of phosphatidylserine on golf performance. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2007; 4: 23.
  6. More, M. et al. Positive Effects of Soy Lecithin-Derived Phosphatidylserine plus Phosphatidic Acid on Memory, Cognition, Daily Functioning, and Mood in Elderly Patients with Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia
  7. Hellhammer, et al. A soy-based phosphatidylserine/ phosphatidic acid complex (PAS) normalizes the stress reactivity of hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal-axis in chronically stressed male subjects: a randomized, placebo-controlled study. Lipids Health Dis. 2014; 13: 121.
Ashwagandha

Ashwagandha

Staying calm under pressure is a vital element to optimal cognitive functioning. When you panic, your decision-making skills go awry. It’s why Hunter Focus include ashwagandha – a traditional Ayurvedic drug used to treat anxiety, depression, and improve cognitive performance.

By repairing and renewing axons and dendrites in the brain, ashwagandha can aid the restoration and enhancement of memory (1). Ashwagandha also boosts the level of choline in your brain. Evidence suggests that this can help lift mood [2], boost motivation [3] and increase recall [4].

Evidence of nootropic benefit:

Cortisol is a key indicator of stress and anxiety – the arch enemies of clear thinking, and some of the key causes of underperformance, leading to disappointment and resentment.

One double-blind study showed that ashwagandha could reduce cortisol levels by 27.9% in just nine weeks. The study concluded: “The findings of this study suggest that a high-concentration full-spectrum Ashwagandha root extract safely and effectively improves an individual’s resistance towards stress and thereby improves self-assessed quality of life” (5).

References
  1. Tomoharu, K. et al. Neuritic regeneration and synaptic reconstruction induced by withanolide A. Br J Pharmacol. 2005 Apr; 144(7): 961–971. Published online 2005 Feb 14.
  2. Bswajit, A. et al. A Standardized Withania Somnifera Extract Significantly Reduces Stress-Related Parameters in Chronically Stressed Humans: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study.
  3. Cooley, K. et al. Naturopathic care for anxiety: a randomized controlled trial ISRCTN78958974. PLoS One. 2009 Aug 31;4(8):e6628.
  4. Choudhary, D. and Bhattacharyya, S. Efficacy and Safety of Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal) Root Extract in Improving Memory and Cognitive Functions. Pages 599-612 | Published online: 21 Feb 2017
  5. Chandrasekhar, K. et al. (2012). A prospective, randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled study of safety and efficacy of a high-concentration full-spectrum extract of Ashwagandha root in reducing stress and anxiety in adults. Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine, 34(3), p.255.
Passion Flower

Passion Flower

Native to North America, this flowering plant has been used in mainland Europe to treat anxiety and insomnia for generations. Passionflower supports brain function by reducing stress and aiding Slow Wave Sleep (SWS), which stimulates the brain regions used in learning.

Passion flower achieves this because it contains flavonoids that raise GABA levels to reduce stress and help you sleep better [1]. It also promotes the release of dopamine to lift your mood and sharpen your focus [2].

Evidence of nootropic benefit:

A double-blind, randomized study was undertaken to test the effect on anxiety levels on patients who were due to undergo surgery. The patients were assigned to two groups: passiflora aqueous extract (passionflower) or placebo (5 ml of drinking water).

Only the passiflora-treated group saw a significant improvement in the State Anxiety Inventory (STAI-S) score used to measure anxiety. The researchers concluded that “Oral preoperative administration of Passiflora suppresses the increase in anxiety before spinal anesthesia without changing psychomotor function, sedation level, or hemodynamics” [3].

References
  1. Elsas, S.M. et al. Passiflora incarnata L. (Passionflower) extracts elicit GABA currents in hippocampal neurons in vitro, and show anxiogenic and anticonvulsant effects in vivo, varying with extraction method. Phytomedicine. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2011 Oct 1.
  2. Toda, K. et al. Passionflower Extract Induces High-amplitude Rhythms without Phase Shifts in the Expression of Several Circadian Clock Genes in Vitro and in Vivo. Int J Biomed Sci. 2017 Jun; 13(2): 84–92.
  3. Aslanargun P, et al. Passiflora incarnata Linneaus as an anxiolytic before spinal anesthesia. Journal of Anesthesia 2012, 26(1):39-44
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